The rules of karate

    Karate is a Japanese martial art that can be translated as "the way of the empty hand". Karate technique is based on self-defence using different parts of the body: feet, fists, elbows, knees, etc... Participants in karate wear a uniform and a coloured belt. Some karate practice requires protective equipment.


    Each bout or "kata" begins with a traditional bow and lasts for around 3 minutes.

    There are two ways to win.
    - One way is winning on points: participants earn points by touching their opponent during the alloted time.
    - The other way is by "kata". The kata represents real combat against an opponent, who may be imaginary. Judges decide who has given the best performance.


    Rei -> Bow
    Tsuki -> Punch
    Empi or Hiji -> Elbow
    Keri -> Kick
    Teisho -> Heel of the hand
    Shuto -> Inner edge of the hand
    Haito -> Outer edge of the hand (by the thumb)
    Uraken -> Back knuckle