The rules of karate
THE RULES OF COMPETITIVE KARATE
Each bout or "kata" begins with a traditional bow and lasts for around 3 minutes.
There are two ways to win.
- One way is winning on points: participants earn points by touching their opponent during the alloted time.
- The other way is by "kata". The kata represents real combat against an opponent, who may be imaginary. Judges decide who has given the best performance.
Rei -> Bow
Tsuki -> Punch
Empi or Hiji -> Elbow
Keri -> Kick
Teisho -> Heel of the hand
Shuto -> Inner edge of the hand
Haito -> Outer edge of the hand (by the thumb)
Uraken -> Back knuckle